Sailing around the world

 

 
In 1895, a jobless former captain, Joshua Slocum, goes alone around the world on board of a reconverted fishing ship , SPRAY, a wooden boat, length 37ft, two masts, sloop rig, no motor and no auto pilot! His book, Sailing alone around the world, is a best seller.

Born in 1893, Alain Gerbault leaves Cannes on 25 April 1923 on board a 11 m long cutter, FIRE CREST. After crossing alone the Atlantic ocean, he continues his trip in 1924, closing the loop after 700 sailing days.

In 1942, the Argentine Vito Dumas, is the first to sail around by the three  mythic capes ( Good-Hope, Leewin and Horn) and the roaring forties on LEHG II, a ketch of 9,55 × 3,30 m.
The trace for future around-the-world tours is made. For the first time, someone are sailing on the former great clippers route.

Leonid Telica,on OPTY, a 9,85 metres (30 feet) yacht, leaves Gdynia at the end of 1966.

L = 9,85 m
l = 2,75 m
height = 13,5 m
sail area = 60 m²
weight = 5 t.
materials: oak (hull), mahogany, pine (masts), copper, steel, sails - cotton
canvas

On Cor Caroli (Kor Karoli), Georgi Georgiev is the first Bulgarian around the world. First, he is racing in the OSTAR 76 (The Observer Single-handed Transatlantic Race) with a 9 m yacht then on 20 December 76, he leaves Havana to come back on 20 December 77 after 24 435 miles with an average speed of 5 knots.

 

Born at Clamecy (Nièvre, France), Alain Colas sails with Eric Tabarly and Olivier de Kersauzon. Winner in 20 days of the fourth single-handed transat  on Pen Duick IV (renamed  Manureva), he is the first circumnavigator without call on multihull. On Club Méditerranée, he arrives after Tabarly in the English transat. Disabled by a wound, in 1978 he is at the departure of the route du Rhum and disappears on sea.
The 'Whitbread Round the World Race' in 6 legs occurs every 4 years and is open to  monohulls in different classes, according to the yachts size. 

'New Zealand Endeavour', winner in 1993/94 is a maxi ketch of 27.2m/89.3', designed by Bruce Farr.

   

In 1989, The French Post engages a crew of eight postmen in the race with a First 51 Bénéteau, 15.63 metres long . First in the last stage in her class, the ship will arrive at Portsmouth after 181 days on sea.

In 1993, the French Post orders to Bénéteau yards a 25 metres maxi yacht, rigged as a ketch designed by Bruce Farr. With Eric Tabarly as skipper, she will finish 7th in 123d 22h.

wb4.jpg (25336 octets)

The Whitbread  (so called because of its sponsor) became the "Volvo round the world".
The boat depicted on the stamp and miniature sheet, a Volvo 60, is 60 feet (15 m) long with a total weight of 13,5 tonnes. The mast is 29 m high and the engine a Volvo Penta.

Around the world solo race, the Golden Globe Challenge, renamed BOC Challenge then Around Alone, is run every four years with several  calls (three in 82, five today). On 28 December 94, Isabelle Autissier has 5 days ahead  with Ecureuil Poitou-Charentes 2 after the first call (Charleston- Cape Town). During the second stage, she lost the mast, she joins Kerguélen islands jury-rigged (1240 milles to sail !), she gets in the Archipelago a new mast then resumed the run toward Australia. She was gaining on the fleet when, on December 28, 60-knot winds and 30-foot seas rolled her boat 360 degrees and pitched it end over end, tearing the mast and mizzen completely off and leaving a large hole  in the deck, 1000 miles South off Sydney. She was rescued after four days (in the new year's night...) by an Australian Air Force helicopter. But the boat is lost...

 Affranchissement de recommandé : Ecureuil Poitou-Charente

Ecureuil Poitou-Charentes 2 is a 60 feet open monohull (18,28 m long) designed by Jean Berret and Olivier Racoupeau. She was made of carbon and was equipped, the first time for a racing yacht, of a pendular keel.  

The Vendée Globe then Globe Challenge is run for the first time in 89 : she is a solo round-the-world race, with no help.

Isabelle Autissier is engaged in the third Vendée Globe Challenge starting on 3 November 1996. The rudder broken, she must call in Cape Town. Then out of the race, she closes the loop around the world after 105 days.

sables.jpg (57001 octets)
Pre-stamped envelope 2004

On October 15th 2000, eight identical 60 foot racing yachts with 14 volunteer crew and a professional skipper raced away from Portsmouth. They spent 11 months circumnavigating the globe.

LOA : 59'7" (18.16m) ; LWL: 46' 8" (14.22m)
Beam : 15'7" (4.75m)
Draught : 7' (2.1m)
Displacement : 25,000 Kg
Hull material : GRP
Mast : anodised aluminium 
Mast height : 71' from deck
Sail Area (windward): 2,300 sq ft (213,7 m²)
Sail Area (downwind): 3,700 sq ft (343.75 m²)
Ballast: 8.25 tons

The overall race was divided into sixteen smaller races, each run between different foreign ports of call. Jersey will finish the race in second place.

Jersey clipper

 

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Page on line: Sun Apr 3 2005
Update on 15 Oct 2007
Update on 19/09/2008
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