Sail replicas (2)
|The 3-masted wooden ship DUNBRODY is born in 1845 in Quebec and its replica at the New Ross yard, in Ireland on 11 February 2001, more than 4 years after the beginning of its construction because of the bad condition of the shipyard, which has a not very deep dry dock, finally usable after cleaning of the mud which encumbers it.|
|The original DUNBRODY was built for William Graves a wood merchant of New Ross, County of Wexford, Ireland. Built in six months, she is used at the time of the great Irish emigration towards the New World, at the time of the years of famine, at the end of 1840. She is arranged for the transport of approximately 176 emigrants with a crew of 18. In 1875, in a storm, she is lost in Belle Island off Labrador with a complete timber load for Liverpool.||Tonnage 458 GRT., dimensions: 53.7 x 8.5 x 5.7
m, draught 4.30m. Surface of sail: 940 sq m.
Auxiliary engine 2-cyl. Diesel of 220 hp.
Opened to the public in May 2001, the ship is the property of the John F Kennedy Trust of New Ross, in the south-east of Ireland.
|New Dunbrody begins her maiden voyage in 2005
by driving the tall ships from the port of Waterford at the 2005
international race, then while sailing until Milford Haven, in Wales. The
visitors go back at the time of the emigration, in a setting in scene with
actors playing the part of emigrants, each one having a ticket of passage
and rations for his "voyage".
JEANIE JOHNSTON is another ship related to the history of Ireland during the years of famine.
|Built in oak and pine wood reinforced copper in Quebec in 1847 for the family Donovan of Tralee, County of Kerry in the Western South of Ireland, its characteristics are: displacement of 700 t for 32 m length (37.5 m LHT); 200 passengers; 17 men of crew.|
On 16 journeys, towards Baltimore, New York and Quebec between 1848 and 1855, she did not lose a passenger, whether it is of hunger or by "sea risk".
During the Great Famine, she carried several thousands of emigrants from Blennerville, the old port of Tralee. The Irish peasants depended almost exclusively on potato to survive. The successive bankruptcies of potato harvests start with the autumn 1845 and trigger a famine with calamitous proportions. Two million people die or emigrate.
|In July 2000, new JEANIE JOHNSTON leaves on the
traces its predecessor towards bay Fundy. Saint John is his first in
Canada before St Andrews then Quebec, Montreal and Chicago. Of return in
Ireland, it is anchored to Blennerville Quay in Dublin but offers also
voyages for 29 trainees who, in the side of the 11 professionals, take
part in all work of the edge (manoeuvres of the sails, preparation of the
meals, maintenance and cleaning of the boat, reception of the visitors in
France has several sailing ships engaged in the tall ships meeting but no great modern replica , except the RECOUVRANCE.
|The schooner RECOUVRANCE which bears the name
of a district of the town of Brest, is the replica of a sloop, military
boat of the beginning of last century, intended for the origin to transmit
the folds or notices (in French avis, so aviso, the ship type name), used then for the
survey and the
protection of the trade on the coasts of Africa and in the Antilles. Five
ships built according to the standard plan "IRIS", drawn by
engineer Hubert, took part in these missions, with each one 50 to 60 men
The project of construction of the Brest-native schooner is launched at the time of the national contest "Boats of the Coasts of France" initiated by the review "Le Chasse Marée" in 1990. The project is constituted thanks to a subscription in complement of the financial contribution of the local communities and some private companies. Work begins in 1991 and in 1992, the hull receives its bordered first while the trunks being used for mature are selected by some specialists in the Valley of Aspe (Pyrenées mountains). The beam filling and the deck will follow: ribband, bulwark, catheads, cutwater, figurehead and bowsprit. In April 1993, the masts find their place then, a few weeks after, the yards, anchors, the gaff sail boom, the bowsprit. The first navigation takes place in May.
Become property of the city of Brest, Recouvrance marks its tenth birthday in Brest from the 11 to July 16, 2002 for the departure of the Cutty Sark Race. The crew is composed of 5 professional sailors including 1 skipper, 1 second, 3 team-members including 1 cook
Characteristics of the sloop:
Overall length: 42 m, length of hull: 25 m, maximum width: 6,4 m
|Since July 1997, Association Hermione- La Fayette launched
at Rochefort in the adventure of
the frigate HERMIONE rebuilding, which, in 1780, allows la Fayette to join
the American insurrectionists fighting for their independence. The docks of Rochefort revive a little their past,
as Hermione in 1778 was
there. Ship of more than 65 meters overall length,
equipped with 1500 sq m of sail on three masts,
Hermione was built in the yards of engineer Chevillard Aîné and formed
part, with la Courageuse, la Concorde et la Fée, a series of
four frigates characterized by their speed. The HERMIONE was a "frigate of 12" because of
guns using 12 pounds shots .
The frigate requires 11 months of work in 1779 for hundreds of carpenters, will forge, drillers, nailers, caulkers... convicts... for more than 35 000 working days. La Fayette embarks in Rochefort on the frigate on March 10, 1780 and after thirty-eight days of navigation, lands in Boston to announce the sending of French reinforcement to the general Washington. He leaves on June 2 and combat the English frigate the Iris and sudden of important damage.
The ship receives on board the American Congress in May 1781. She fights on several occasions with the vessel Astrée commanded by Jean-François de Lapérouse , she is commanded at that time by Louis-René-Madeleine de Latouche-Tréville.
After the end of the war of independence, the frigate joined France in February 1782. She then accompanies a squadron in India to help Pierre André de Suffren in his conflict with English. After the peace, the ship goes back to Rochefort in April 1784.
In 1792, the ship goes again in service against England. She run aground on rocks on 20 September off Le Croisic, in France and an important leak causes the shipwreck.
The 1166 tons frigate could take on board 255 men with a length of 44,2m, a maximum section breadth of 11,24m and of 5,78m depth.
|On the replica, several modifications were made
on the original level for reasons of solidity and safety: the boards are
bolted and not pegged . In the same way, the masts are stuck and
not assembled by metal circles, to avoid water
infiltrations. The guns, for reasons of weight and also of safety, will be
reduced and non-functional. Rig remains in hemp but the sail is
envisaged into synthetic in order to having a better solidity and a less
Lastly, two bisquines were built in Cancale then in Granville.
|The bisquines are fishing vessels of the 19th century, carrying seven to eight lugsails and a jib on three masts in order to provide a maximum of power. Born in the Bay of Biscay as biscayenne of the Basque fishermen, they spin-off to Brittany and Normandy. Boats of work, they will be committed in the trawling, in the line fishing or the stake-net fishing, but also will take part in regattas between ports, the summer, in front of Saint-Malo, Cancale and Granville.|
|The GRANVILLAISE is built from the
original plans of the Rose-Marie, built in 1897 by the manufacturer Louis
Julienne and the work begins on 17 December 1988 in Granville.
The characteristics of Granvillaise, going to water on 15 April 1990,
make it the tallest fishing sailing vessel of France:
Length of hull: 18,28 m
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